Convert Dictionary To Unicode Python



If you want to have same dictionary with all values, you need to either "collect" all key: value pairs and then convert them into dict at once, or create dictionary and update it for each line. Unicode in Python is not a beginner level topic. The value "1234" is a string, you need to treat it as a number - to add 1, giving 1235. Each python object has a __dict__ atttribute which is a dictionary containing all other attributes. The use_pure mysql. Read a Text File Line by Line Using While Statement in Python. The example dictionary should not contain codes like r'\0'. Convert a Unicode string into an 8-bit string: 8. An empty dictionary wit. The update method is very useful for updating multiple key values pairs at a time. Python’s re Module. If the Unicode buffer pointer is NULL, the length is ignored and None is returned. Creating Unicode strings in Python: 4. Any key of the dictionary is associated (or mapped) to a value. Conversation between Lion and Bayle. Project Management. Adding Your Software to The Python Package Index; The Many Possible Futures of Python Packaging; Further Reading. In this programme i'm trying to solve a mathematical ratio problem, then calculate the squareroot, however, whenever i try to give it input like this: 2. For more information about Python's Unicode support, look at Unicode for Programmers or End to End Unicode Web Applications in Python. As python will assign a datatype according to our data stored in the variable. You can use future to help to port your code from Python 2 to Python 3 today – and still have it run on Python 2. In this article we will discuss different ways to convert a single or multiple lists to dictionary in Python. Python is a high level open source scripting language. This section of the tutorial just goes over various python dictionary methods. The hash values of Python objects are not only used by the Python dictionary implementation, but also by other storage mechanisms such as on-disk dictionaries, inter-process object exchange via share memory, memcache, etc. Instead of parsing this data to retrieve the keys and values myself, it turned out Python has a module called ast (Abstract Syntax Trees) that can take care of this, specifically the literal_eval()function:. In Python 3, all strings are sequences of Unicode characters. I used this dictionary format internally within the another piece of code I am writing and had no problems. The above method can also be used to perform a similar conversion. In this tutorial, you'll get a Python-centric introduction to character encodings and unicode. To convert lowercase to uppercase string or character in python, you have to ask from user to enter any string or character in lowercase to convert that string or character in uppercase just by using the upper() function as shown in the program given here. The methods dict. But differently, it allows you to pass a variable of code points string as well as a constant one. In a table, letter Э located at intersection line no. Introduction. raw download clone embed report print Python 15. The choice was made at the time your Python interpreter was compiled, and would produce either a "narrow" or a "wide" build of Python. "u#" (Unicode string) [Py_UNICODE *, int] Convert a Unicode (UCS-2) data buffer and its length to a Python Unicode object. Convert between Python list and Clr List dynamically; Convert between Python dict and Clr Dictionary dynamically; Convert between Python object and Clr object, looks like Serialize and Deserialize. com offers free software downloads for Windows, Mac, iOS and Android computers and mobile devices. (Sample code to create the above spreadsheet. For example, the Emoji sets do not distinguish between waxing and waning crescent moons. How to work with a dictionary in python. Here is an example to make a dictionary with each item being a pair of a number and. Once you're done processing your Unicode strings, if you want to write them out to a file or database, first convert them back to a sequence of bytes (the str type. It is easy for machines to parse and generate. The slides are an excellent overview of the design of Python 2's Unicode features (where the Unicode string type is called unicode and literals start with u). But computer only understands binary. Connector/Python can use a pure Python interface to MySQL, or a C Extension that uses the MySQL C client library. Unicode Converter enables you to easily convert Unicode characters in UTF-16, UTF-8, and UTF-32 formats to their Unicode and decimal representations. For more info please visit my website www. Both consist of a set of named columns of equal length. Converting Integer to String in Python Unlike many other languages out there, Python does not implicitly typecast integers (or floats) to strings when concatenating with strings. keys() and dict. This enhanced version of str() and unicode() can be used as handy functions to convert between byte string and unicode. Introduction. The changes it underwent are most evident in how strings are handled in encoding/decoding in Python 3. Many people find this counter-intuitive. Questions: I need to join a list of items. When programing in Python, sometimes you want to convert an object to dictionary and vise versal. So you can use System. Python Program - Convert Lists into the Dictionary. "The Truth about Unicode in Python" The Truth about Unicode in Python. Square brackets can be used to access elements of the string. i already have command line tools that display the file in. Macs and Linux come with Python 2 installed but you've installed it yourself or are on a Windows. "In Python, the internal representation of strings is either byte/binary (essentially an array of bytes where each byte in a string is considered a character) or unicode (where you can have single characters that are represented by more than one byte). join(list): It is a string method, and takes a list of things to join with the string. Unicode strings in Python: A basic tutorial - Philip Guo has a great tutorial about Unicode strings in Python. values() return lists of the keys or values explicitly. seem to be able to find a "works always"-function just to convert a unicode variable back to string. I have an application where the input strings will always be ASCII-encoded, and the resulting Python dictionary must be passed to another library (which I cannot change) that chokes on Unicode strings. The default changed in Connector/Python 8 from True (use the pure Python implementation) to False. 7 and of course Python 3. Python read json file to dictionary; Python convert unicode to string; List directory file names and count in python; Difference between del remove and pop in python; Difference between re search and match in python; Python compare strings; Python dict difference between items and iteritems; Check whether a file or directory exists in python. So I can compare it to data read in from a file. Each counts as just one character. October 4, 2018 Python Leave a comment. Below, you are opening up a file for reading: In Windows, there are a couple additional ways of referencing a file. Either use decode(), or create a new Unicode string with UTF-8 encoding by unicode(). Marc-André Lemburg gave a presentation titled "Python and Unicode" (PDF slides) at EuroPython 2002. Understanding descriptors is a key to a deep understanding of Python because they are the basis for many features including functions, methods,properties, class methods, static methods, and reference to super classes. x, so this subject is relevant I think. In this article, we discuss 21 tips and tricks to help your migration from Python 2 to Python 3 before Python 2. Since default handling of Text in Python2 and Python3 is different, it is important to understand the difference. I am trying to convert a dictionary to a unicode string and it fails with an exception. Common encodings are US-ASCII (which is the default if you convert from Unicode to 8-bit strings in Python), ISO-8859-1 (aka Latin-1), and UTF-8 (a variable-width encoding that can represent all Unicode st. Python 2 comes with two different kinds of objects that can be used to represent strings, str and unicode. July 26, 2011 Comments. Reuse: We mapped to existing Unicode symbols where appropriate. Hence to use them, we need to convert the unicoded python dict into valid json to do crul call, for the same here is the simple trick :. Some facts first: Unicode is an international encoding standard for use with different languages and scripts; In python-2. This can be used to convert things like special language symbols, things like smileys/emoticons, and really any of the symbols that you will come across as unicode as you parse or stream. I know if I convert 0xE38081 to an. Then, try these steps: If some variables are byte sequences instead of Unicode objects, convert them to Unicode objects with decode() / u" before handling them. As seen in Tutorials #15 and #16, you can refer to a local file in Python using the file's full path and file name. Convert a Unicode string into an 8-bit string: 8. Convert string to unicode in Python ; Convert string to unicode in. python unicode graph dictionary. Python; How to Convert Strings into Integers in Python; How to Convert Strings into Integers in Python. The Consortium is supported financially through membership. Python 3 Programming Language 4,735 views. Using a Python recipe? Installing ActivePython is the easiest way to run your project. com offers free software downloads for Windows, Mac, iOS and Android computers and mobile devices. The equivalent to a pandas DataFrame in Arrow is a Table. python-list at python. In this programme i'm trying to solve a mathematical ratio problem, then calculate the squareroot, however, whenever i try to give it input like this: 2. This is because such strings may be used in a variety of operations, including string concatenation, comparisons, dictionary key lookups, and as arguments to built-in functions. Normally, writing a. of times in C Program; Print first k digits of 1/n where n is a positive integer in C Program; 10 Interesting Python Cool Tricks; howdoi in Python. How to Convert a List to String, Use pop, and Convert a String to a List. Suggested Reading. Some facts first: Unicode is an international encoding standard for use with different languages and scripts; In python-2. io' in python 2. I'm not an expert by any means. Dictionary, list. You have two options to create Unicode string in Python. A tool to help to convert an application PyQt4 to PyQt5: robertfoster: Converts a Python dictionary or other native data type into a valid XML string. That looks like 32-bits per character, so I'd say it's some form of little-endian utf-32. Python putting r before unicode string variable - you didn't mention unicode, or python version using, python - Convert html table to dictionary without. In this tutorial you'll see two ways to convert string to integer in python. The mission of the Python Software Foundation is to promote, protect, and advance the Python programming language, and to support and facilitate the growth of a diverse and international community of Python programmers. The dictionary consists of etc etc How can I get all the values in the dictionary and convert it to a cvs string?? I have tried: Convert python dictionary to csv string. I want a batch code that would convert my list of text files already saved as unicode to ANSI Type. 'ur' to have Python use the Raw-Unicode-Escape encoding: 6. The function json. If it is a list of strings, you may simply use join: >>>; my. In this programme i'm trying to solve a mathematical ratio problem, then calculate the squareroot, however, whenever i try to give it input like this: 2. The core part of the Python language consists of things like for loops, if statements, math operators, and some functions, like print and input. You must pass the address of a Py_UNICODE pointer variable, which will be filled with the pointer to an existing Unicode buffer. Python program to convert character to its ASCII :. encode it to convert it from Unicode characters to bytes. io' in python 2. loads can be used to load JSON data from string to dictionary. what is the best way to convert a string to hexadecimal? the purpose is to get the character codes to see what is being read in from a file. Python Bytes, Bytearray: Learn Bytes literals, bytes() and bytearray() functions, create a bytes object in Python, convert bytes to string, convert hex string to bytes, numeric code representing a character of a bytes object in Python, define a mapping table characters for use with a bytes object in Python, convert bytes to hex in Python, how to get the character from the numeric code in bytes. Challenge - Part 2 Convert array into a dictionary Delete something from a dictionary Delete something in a dictionary that is not there but not crash IDLE. The simple answer is [code ]eval[/code], the proper answer is [code ]ast. The syntax of this method is as below : ord(c) This method takes one character as a parameter and returns the Unicode value of that character. Pre-trained models and datasets built by Google and the community. There's also an items() which returns a list of (key, value) tuples, which is the most efficient way to examine all the key value data in the dictionary. Purpose: This page is a PC utility to show the hex codes and their decimal ampersand equivalents associated with non-Latin-1 (non-Roman or accented) characters from pages encoded in Unicode/UTF-8. Like many other popular programming languages, strings in Python are arrays of bytes representing unicode characters. Philip Guo - Unicode strings in Python: A basic tutorial. Learn more. Python comes with one built-in method ord to find out the Unicode value of a character. length());} // Calls from Python to wxWidgets code should be wrapped in calls to these // functions:. With [code ]eval[/code], you can run python code from a string. We need to convert that into a. Some facts first: Unicode is an international encoding standard for use with different languages and scripts; In python-2. Encoding and decoding strings in Python 2. Python's built-in "re" module provides excellent support for regular expressions, with a modern and complete regex flavor. loads() convert json string to Dict. Bengali Unicode Codes and Scripts Downloads Free. Built-in function unicode() provides access to all registered Unicode codecs : 7. Convert Image to String. You must pass the address of a Py_UNICODE pointer variable, which will be filled with the pointer to an existing Unicode buffer. Convert python dictionary to xml. Converts a Python dictionary or other native data type into a valid XML string. Hi everyone! 👋 In this post, I am going to show you how you can use the GitHub API to query Pull Requests, check the content of a PR and close it. This is going to be called often, so I'd like to know what would be the fastest way to convert something like:. The methods dict. In this tutorial, you'll get a Python-centric introduction to character encodings and unicode. x, there are two types that deal with text. key will become Column Name and list in the value field will be the column data i. It then decides to convert the byte str to a unicode string and combine the two. How do you convert the characters to Unicode? First, Python needs to know the original encoding of the source, 'windows-1251. If you are writing code for a new project or new codebase, you can use this idiom to make all string literals in a module unicode strings:. 1-1) Python filesystem abstraction python-fsapfs (20190210-1). In Python 2, the unicode type represents a real string, whereas the str type is a sequence of bytes. Macs and Linux come with Python 2 installed but you've installed it yourself or are on a Windows. Python read json file to dictionary; Python convert unicode to string; List directory file names and count in python; Difference between del remove and pop in python; Difference between re search and match in python; Python compare strings; Python dict difference between items and iteritems; Check whether a file or directory exists in python. HOwever, an exception is thrown when it passes this code that i'm using to deserialize. How can I use Windows PowerShell to translate them to integers and display the Unicode characters?. You may use the Python int and float functions for converting a string to an integer and float numbers before doing any operation, as shown in the examples below. An ord() example A chr() example. To solve this problem i used list comprehensive and dictionary comprehensive. Then, try these steps: If some variables are byte sequences instead of Unicode objects, convert them to Unicode objects with decode() / u" before handling them. Pandas Data Series Exercises, Practice and Solution: Write a Pandas program to convert a dictionary to a Pandas series. Converting Integer to String in Python Unlike many other languages out there, Python does not implicitly typecast integers (or floats) to strings when concatenating with strings. DeserializeObject>(response); Exception thrown:. rest2web handles text encodings in ways that are hopefully sensible and simple. Python Unicode Objects Fredrik Lundh’s article about using non-ASCII character sets in Python 2. values() ] # or just a list of the list of key value pairs list_k. smtplib Overview The smtplib module defines an SMTP client session object that can be used to send mail to any Internet machine with an SMTP or ESMTP listener daemon. It is related to but separate from character sets. This HOWTO discusses Python's support for the Unicode specification for representing textual data, and explains various problems that people commonly encounter when trying to work with Unicode. Either use decode(), or create a new Unicode string with UTF-8 encoding by unicode(). There is some complexity here. Hi all, I am trying to convert a dictionary to a unicode string and it fails with an exception. // Assumes that the GIL has already been acquired. I'm not an expert by any means. Python is a high level open source scripting language. I have a python dictionary:. Python Unicode Objects Fredrik Lundh's article about using non-ASCII character sets in Python 2. How to Convert String to Lowercase in Python 2 and 3; How to Convert String to Lowercase in Python 2 and 3. If you call functions to convert the types, then the process is called Explicit Type Casting. 'ur' to have Python use the Raw-Unicode-Escape encoding: 6. See the code and. Unicode string is designed to store text data. python unicode graph dictionary. How to get string Objects instead Unicode ones from JSON in Python? I have a lot of input as multi-level dictionaries parsed from JSON API calls. The choice was made at the time your Python interpreter was compiled, and would produce either a “narrow” or a “wide” build of Python. Python : How to create a list of all the Values in a dictionary ? Python: Find duplicates in a list with frequency count & index positions; Python : How to copy a dictionary | Shallow Copy vs Deep Copy; Python : How to convert a list to dictionary ? Python : How to Sort a Dictionary by key or Value ? Python : How to find keys by value in. About the Unicode Consortium. Each python object has a __dict__ atttribute which is a dictionary containing all other attributes. Thanks Stan On Mon, 11 Apr 2005 00:06:34 -0400, Stan Weiss wrote: >I want to take the text entered into a text box and convert it to >Unicode. Allows duplicate members. Convert a Unicode string into an 8-bit string. Following conversions from list to dictionary will be covered here,. Unicode Basics: Character Set, Encoding, UTF-8, Codepoint; HTML: Character Sets and Encoding; Unicode in Function Names and Operator Symbol; Python: Unicode Tutorial 🐍 Python: Convert File Encoding; Python: Convert File Encoding for All Files in a Dir; Perl: Unicode Tutorial 🐪 Perl: Convert File Encoding; Ruby: Unicode Tutorial 💎. to python dictionary. Some facts first: Unicode is an international encoding standard for use with different languages and scripts; In python-2. This is going to be called often, so I'd like to know what would be the fastest way to convert something like:. The player has 10 turns to guess the word. To convert hexadecimal to decimal number in python, you have to ask from user to enter hexadecimal number to convert that number into decimal number as shown in the program given below. object_hook, if specified, will be called with the result of every JSON object decoded and its return value will be used in place of the given dict. Become a Member Donate to the PSF. This task can easily be performed using the inbuilt function of loads of json library of python which converts the string of valid dictionary into json form, dictionary in Python. How to Print in Python. You can get the value of a single byte by using an index like an array, but the values can not be modified. I know if I convert 0xE38081 to an. To convert a character set inside a MySQL query use convert: SELECT CONVERT(latin1field USING utf8) If you are experiencing speed issues with table joins after converting character sets of tables or fields make sure that all ID fields use the same COLLATE setting. Take the unicode codepoint, u'3001', for example. Program for decimal to hexadecimal conversion. Unicode string is a python data structure that can store zero or more unicode characters. Adding Your Software to The Python Package Index; The Many Possible Futures of Python Packaging; Further Reading. If you have any doubts, please feel free to comment below, Subscribe for more videos! Thanks for watching. They are not recognized by the Python bytecode compiler and are not accessible as runtime object attributes (i. They are extracted from open source Python projects. Select All Text. Hangman Script. In Python 2, the unicode type represents a real string, whereas the str type is a sequence of bytes. Python dictionary has_key() Method glob - Filename pattern matching Lambda, filter, reduce and map. We need to convert that into a. Learn more. In this paper, we show how the UCREL Semantic Annotation Scheme (henceforth USAS), a software program for automatic dictionary-based content analysis, can help us to explore the semantic field of 'love' within a selection of Shakespeare's plays. String literals occurring elsewhere in Python code may also act as documentation. Like many other popular programming languages, strings in Python are arrays of bytes representing unicode characters. The issue is payload is wrapped with u for unicode, ‘ and True and False and None which are python standards however fails to pass json validation. I know if I convert 0xE38081 to an. SGD(learning_rate=0. literal_eval(string) And it works fine. Take a look:. The data itself must be a JSON’able data structure. On Python 3, as long as the identifier doesn't start with $ you should be fine. Use csv module from Python's standard library. Below is the sample code of the Python Program to convert lists into a dictionary using the Zip() method. x, there are two types that deal with text. I have this little bit of code that I wish to read a text file into a Python Dictionary. Further information can be found on PEP 3100. x's support for Unicode, and explains various problems that people commonly encounter when trying to work with Unicode. There are two types of strings in Python: byte strings and Unicode strings. This makes the programming environment rather unfriendly to Python users who live and work in non-Latin-1 locales such as many of the Asian countries. For Python 3, any string quote can begin with u, example: u"xyz", but it has no meaning. It uses the attached mki18n. Views: We introduce two variables, named keys and values. v can be a dictionary or iterable (list, tuple) where each element is iterable of length 2, or can be a key1 = val1 , key2 = val2 , …. Python Bytes, Bytearray: Learn Bytes literals, bytes() and bytearray() functions, create a bytes object in Python, convert bytes to string, convert hex string to bytes, numeric code representing a character of a bytes object in Python, define a mapping table characters for use with a bytes object in Python, convert bytes to hex in Python, how to get the character from the numeric code in bytes. save dictionary to a pickle file (. 'ur' to have Python use the Raw-Unicode-Escape encoding: 6. Users can define his own PyClrType. Why — as a Python programmer — would I need to be able to translate a plain-text message into some encoded representation… say, a Unicode representation such as UTF-8? Suppose you are happily sitting at your PC, working with your favorite text editor, writing the standard Hello World program in Python (specifically, in Python 3+). The example dictionary should not contain codes like r'\0'. I found a cool Unicode table on the Internet, but all of the values are displayed as hexadecimal values. String literals occurring elsewhere in Python code may also act as documentation. Convert Chinese characters to Unicode. Category People & Blogs; Show more Show less. So I can compare it to data read in from a file. This HOWTO discusses Python’s support for the Unicode specification for representing textual data, and explains various problems that people commonly encounter when trying to work with Unicode. Luckily, conversion functions are easy to remember: the type names double up as a conversion function. The Python language has a substantial body of documentation, much of it contributed by various authors. Suppose take lists and string data type and try to combine both, as the data types are different Python will not allow you to do so. String to JSON. If you are writing code for a new project or new codebase, you can use this idiom to make all string literals in a module unicode strings:. Converting a list of lists to a dictionary can be useful in certain situations. Python Forums on Bytes. Python Unicode to String conversion. "u#" (Unicode string) [Py_UNICODE *, int] Convert a Unicode (UCS-2) data buffer and its length to a Python Unicode object. Also, I thought a way could be to open the unicode text file and write it to an Ansi text file type, howere not sure if this is the right well because I do have. In a table, letter Э located at intersection line no. Sometimes it's necessary to perform conversions between the built-in types. Items: We get a view of the dictionary with items() and then convert that to a list. g string = "\u5982\u679c\u7231") to an unicode type string. wc_str(), str. Python object and dictionary convertion Jun 14, 2012 #python #programming. Second way:. Using a Python recipe? Installing ActivePython is the easiest way to run your project. Python comes with a list of known HTML entity names and their corresponding unicode codepoints. """Get the current UTC time and convert it to a Unix epoch timestamp in milliseconds. It's not HARD to process unicode, it's just python & python community refuse to correct it. String encoding and decoding as well as encoding detection can be a headache, more so in Python 2 than in Python 3. A dictionary is an unordered collection of key-object pairs. Without 2to3 we have no such luxury and since the Unicode literal u'' is gone in Python 3 we need to find a way to say that we want a Unicode string that works in all versions of Python. A Python dictionary is a mapping of unique keys to values. Info Unicode Character 'SNOWFLAKE' (U+2744) Browser Test Page Outline (as SVG file) Fonts that support U+2744. Ask Question \$\begingroup\$ @SergiiArtele That seems to be a Python 2 issue. Creating Excel files with Python and XlsxWriter. Small 'u' in front of the quote indicates that an Unicode string: 5. Once you're done processing your Unicode strings, if you want to write them out to a file or database, first convert them back to a sequence of bytes (the str type. Further information can be found on PEP 3100. Convert a Unicode string into an 8-bit string: 8. When you read a string from a file, you need to. written on Sunday, January 5, 2014 It's becoming increasingly harder to have reasonable discussions about the differences between Python 2 and 3 because one language is dead and the other is actively developed. save dictionary to a pickle file (. With [code ]eval[/code], you can run python code from a string. How to work with a dictionary in python. Unicode string is designed to store text data. Convert Image to String. Unicode Basics: Character Set, Encoding, UTF-8, Codepoint; HTML: Character Sets and Encoding; Unicode in Function Names and Operator Symbol; Python: Unicode Tutorial 🐍 Python: Convert File Encoding; Python: Convert File Encoding for All Files in a Dir; Perl: Unicode Tutorial 🐪 Perl: Convert File Encoding; Ruby: Unicode Tutorial 💎. The issue is payload is wrapped with u for unicode, ‘ and True and False and None which are python standards however fails to pass json validation. All Software. So you can just use if ‘three’ in my_dict: to check if ‘three’ string exists as key in my_dict. Create a new dictionary. I would like to convert the unicode data type to list type if the data I read is of list type and. But computer only understands binary. The json module enables you to convert between JSON and Python Objects. Summary: Use Windows PowerShell to convert hexadecimal values to decimal and display Unicode characters. The values of a dictionary can be any Python data type. What this means is that under each key, the dictionary stores some number or string or other object – even another dictionary. Python Unicode Objects Fredrik Lundh's article about using non-ASCII character sets in Python 2. split(':') for x in list) } * If you want the conversion to int, you can replace k:v with int(k):int(v) ** Note: The general convention and advice is to avoid using map function, and instead use comprehension. The review scores are stored in the dictionary values, which means you will have to loop over the dictionary. You can get your default encoding checking the sys. Pickle object serialization. The Consortium is supported financially through membership. 06: Python3 lib to extract data from json and. Python dictionaries have different methods that help you modify a dictionary. Each python object has a __dict__ atttribute which is a dictionary containing all other attributes. Allows duplicate members. Any string is already a Unicode. As you may have guessed, a byte string is a sequence of bytes. x's support for Unicode, and explains various problems that people commonly encounter when trying to work with Unicode. com offers free software downloads for Windows, Mac, iOS and Android computers and mobile devices. Either use decode(), or create a new Unicode string with UTF-8 encoding by unicode(). Are there any ways to convert the unicode string so that I can use it as key to build dictionary and. In this article, I share my expericences to do that. How to convert a unicode date to mm/dd/yyyy; How to convert a datetime stamp in YYYYMMDD HH:MM: iPython Notebook Keyboard Shortcuts; How to get the current time in Python; How to convert date formats from YYYYMMDD to MM/DD Python's time format codes; How to loop through a python list; How to print out the current date time in the form. Python library to mock the datetime module in unit testing python-freshen (0. As of version 12. The decode method was added in Python 2. Unicode is a standard for encoding character. The example dictionary should not contain codes like r'\0'. Life is very easy with Python Life is very easy with Python ['Life', 'is', 'very', 'easy', 'with', 'Python'] Posted by Abu Zahed Jony at 6:21 PM Email This BlogThis! Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest. In Python 2 , by default, ‘str’ object is saved as an array of bytes. Below, you are opening up a file for reading: In Windows, there are a couple additional ways of referencing a file. Not a member of Pastebin yet? Sign Up, it unlocks many cool features!. In this Python code snippet, we are going to implement a naive run length encoding algorithm to compress strings. The data itself must be a JSON’able data structure. It then decides to convert the byte str to a unicode string and combine the two.